There are many different forms of physical therapy. Acutely, the therapist may focus on decreasing pain with passive physical therapy (modalities). These are considered passive therapies because they are done to the patient. Examples of modalities include:
* Heat / Cold therapy
* Electric Stimulation
* Myofascial Release
After an episode of pain has lasted between two and six weeks, or if there are frequent recurrences of pain, it is reasonable to consider exercises and physical therapy for treatment. (Some specialists consider exercise and physical therapy sooner, particularly if the pain is severe.) In general, the goals of exercises and physical therapy are to decrease pain, increase function, and provide education on a maintenance program to prevent further recurrences.